Advantages, disadvantages of intensive pig farming | Agriculture (2023)

Introduction:Hello farmers, we return with a profitable intensivePig AgricultureMethod, facts, benefits. Pigs are omnivores by nature and are typically fed with a combination of grain and protein sources (soy vsnot meand bone meal). Large intensive pig farms may be surrounded by farmland that feeds grainThe plantationthey have grown. Thus, pig farming depends on the grain industry. Pig feed can be packed, bulk or blended on site.

A guide to the pros and cons of intensive pig farming

Öintensive pig farming systemthe pigs are confined to individual pens so that each pig can receive a share of the feed. Individual feeding facilitates the individual medication of the pigs via the feed. This has meaning forintensive Anbaumethoden, as proximity to other animals allows for rapid spread of disease. To prevent diseases and stimulate growth, preventive drug programs such as vitamins and antibiotics are administered.

Advantages, disadvantages of intensive pig farming | Agriculture (1)

These pigs are sprayed with excessive amounts of chemical pesticides and are often given chemical hormones to stimulate growth. Pigs are intensively bred in systems where they are caged, mutilated and unable to express their natural behaviors.intensive pig farmingIt's an inexpensive and space-saving way to get the most value out of your own animals. It works in many countries and is a good way to ensure that all equipment, storerooms and the animals themselves are geared towards helping the farmer reach their income potential.

Indoor intensive pig house

Indoor intensive farming is primarily known as factory farming, where pigs are kept in cramped cages. This intensive system for pigs from birth to weaning and for lactating and weaning sows can accommodate a large number of pigs. And it's managed holistically by keeping pigs of similar ages in groups in a shared environment. Today's husbandry systems are constantly evolving to improve herd health, welfare and productivity. Feed and water are provided on site and artificial methods are often used to maintain pig health and growth, such as feeding. B. the therapeutic use of antimicrobials, vitamin supplements and growth hormones.

Choosing the right pig species

Choosing the right pig species for the farm is crucial. If you are raising pigs for meat, then a species like the great white is great as not only will they provide you with excellent quality meat, but they will reproduce well and will quickly replenish the farm. Since it is not a rare breed, it is initially cheap to buy.

Ventilation control in intensive pig farming

Intensive pig farming facilities require ventilation systems to regulate the humidity and heat produced by the pigs, as well as air pollution from manure, feed and the pigs themselves.

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buy pigs

Before you consider buying your pigs, you should set a budget. It is very easy to get carried away, especially at an auction, and spend more than you intended or buy more hogs than you have room or space for. If you buy privately, make sure that the pigs are carefully examined for diseases.intensive pig farmingThese are mainly pigs kept indoors and the disease spreads quickly, decimating your herd.


Barn pigs tend to bite their tails, leading to infections and high vet bills. Many breeders prefer to dock piglets' tails when they are born to prevent this.

Advantages, disadvantages of intensive pig farming | Agriculture (2)

Housing regulations for pigs

Intensive pig farming mainly accounts for the largest investments in pig farming. Planning, not only for efficient buildings but also for economical buildings, is extremely important. The main goal of pig farming should be to produce the greatest possible amount of quality meat in the shortest amount of time. EITHERefficiency of pig farmingin intensive care units it is strongly influenced by temperature control and ventilation. Experiments have shown that the space, the length of the feed trough and the comfort and equipment of the pen play an important role in optimal pig production. Pigs have environmental and climatic requirements at different growth stages. In order to reach their full potential, boars and sows need special attention to avoid high ambient temperatures and other stressors.

Method of intensive pig farming

Intensive pig farms tend to be largestorage- such as buildings or barns with low sun exposure or outdoors. The pigs are each entitled to less than one square meter of space. Indoor pig systems allow more pigs to be monitored than traditional methods, ensuring minimal deaths, reduced costs and increased productivity. The buildings are ventilated and tempered.

Intensive pig farming is generally carried out by commercial breeders in state-of-the-art barns where all water points are mechanized. They can have heating and cooling systems and several different pens are needed for different categories of pigs.

Most domestic pigs are prone to sunburn andheat stressand all pigs have no sweat glands and cannot cool themselves. Pigs have a limited tolerance to high temperatures, and heat stress can lead to death. Maintaining a certain temperature within the pig's tolerance range maximizes the growth and growth rate of the feed. Indoor pigsties allowedpig farmingcarried out in countries with an unsuitable climate or soilOutdoor pig farming🇧🇷 In an intensive farm, pigs no longer need access to mud or mud, which is their natural cooling mechanism. Intensive pig farms control the temperature through ventilation systems.

Pigs are kept in different intensive systems, depending on how economical they are, and the sows can spend their free time in closed pens or outdoors. Pigs begin their life in a calvingpregnancyGrid, a small pen with a central cage that allows the piglets to feed on their mother the sow, preventing them from moving around, smothering their young and reducing aggression. The boxes are so small that the pigs cannot turn them over.

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In intensive rearing systems, sows or sows are often confined to cramped cages and cannot move freely when pregnant and nursing their piglets. Piglets reared for meat are mutilated without anesthesia and housed in concrete stalls with no bedding. This shift from traditional pig farming to large-scale intensive systems has raised significant concerns about the welfare of millions of pigs around the world. In contrast to other livestock species such as sheep or cows on pasture or in a grazing system, pigs can be kept on a comparatively much smaller area. insideintensive pig farmingthe animals are usually kept together in one housing system.

This option is indicated for producers who intend to supply the meat market. The idea is to bring pigs up to slaughter weight as quickly as possible in order to save on feed costs in the long term. The quicker you bring the pig to slaughter weight, the less money you spend on feed.

Sow stalls

Pregnant sows are penned up in narrow rows of boxes. On some pig farms they are tied to the pens with a heavy chain. Unable to express their natural behavior, they perform repetitive and useless movements such as B. biting the bars or trying to anchor yourself in the concrete floor. Experts consider clear signs of animal suffering. Prolonged confinement takes a toll on their health and fitness, often resulting in lameness, foot injuries, weakened bones and painful abrasions.

whelping boxes

When the sow is ready to farrow, she is placed in the similarly restrictive farrowing pen, and the farrowing pen is so small that she cannot move except to stand up and lie down. The strong instinct to build a nest for piglets is completely overridden. Once the piglets are born, they can no longer be properly cared for.

wean early

The sow is kept in the pen until the piglets are weaned at 3-4 weeks of age (compared to 13-19 calendar weeks). Such untimely removal of the mother causes severe stress, deprivation of breast milk leads to increased susceptibility to gastric infections. A few days later, the sow is again artificially inseminated in the stable. This maximizes the number of piglets produced annually to over 20 (compared to 6-8 of course).

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Advantages, disadvantages of intensive pig farming | Agriculture (3)

sterile Mastzwinger

Selectively bred for rapid weight gain and piglets fattened for meat for 4 to 6 months. They are kept in small, crowded and dirty pens in extremely disadvantaged conditions. They can live on concrete or slatted floors with no thatched roof or other bedding material. They are unable to perform natural behaviors of seeking, seeking, and exploring.

place in intensive pig farming

How much space you need mainly depends on how many pigs you want to house.


Due to limited space and the easy spread of diseases, including salmonella, many breeders add vet-prescribed antibiotics to their pigs' feed to ensure longer lives and better health. It costs more initially but can save you money in the long run as diseased stock has to be destroyed.

Permission or license for intensive pig farming

Remember that you can apply for planning permission to build onePig farming on farmland🇧🇷 This process can take many months, so it is best to apply as early as possible.


The safety of these pigs is very important, especially when this is their livelihood. Safe housing, fencing and also video surveillance systems are recommended.

Hygiene aspects in intensive pig farming

Swine diseases fall mainly into two categories:

  • Specific infections and contagious diseases introduced into the department or already present in a latent form.
  • Secondary health problems that arise or are promoted by environmental factors and are therefore more dependent on management and husbandry.

Slurry management in intensive pig farming

When building a production complex, always think of a strategy to treat your waste or by-products in a way that they can be used, or to treat them in a way that they don't become a nuisance. The same principle should be applied in the design and construction of a pork production facility, since the distance fromfertilizeis an integral part of the activities of this unit. Measures must be taken to combat the problems associated with waste products. At the same time, national and regional hygiene regulations must be complied with, while the wise use of the residues must be investigated.

Problems of intensive pig farming

Even in the most basic of intensive farming, some challenges remain due to the limited system in which animals are raised. Some issues such as management, hygiene and disease outbreaks require careful consideration. balanced purchasepig feedit will be more expensive initially, but the pigs will grow faster and be marketable sooner. At the same time, a problem like the daily garbage collection from households requires more labour. The heaps are turned daily to dry and can then be bagged and sold to gardeners.

Advantages of intensive pig farming

  • The farmer locks all the pigs in a building and won't let them out. Raising pigs in pens on concrete or sawdust.
  • The farmer usually provides insufficient feed, water and veterinary services. The system saves manpower, creates conditions for easy standards of administration and control of internal parasites. There is protection from the weather, predators and thieves.
  • The feed efficiency is high, so the growth rate is very high.
  • The farmer can access the pigs 24/7 to feed them, check animal health and check their growth rate.
  • Disease prevention and biosecurity are easily integrated into operations.
  • Because pigs don't have to expend energy on foraging, they reserve most of their energy for growth and development. Therefore, pigs reared in an intensive system reach their market weight earlier.
  • Sanitation and sanitation around pigs can be controlled to meet the highest standards.

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1 Guide to Intensive Pig Farming Pros, Cons

1.1 Intensive housing for pig farming

1.2 Choosing the right pig species

1.3 Ventilation control in intensive pig farming

1.4 Purchase of the pigs

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1.5 Difference

1.6 Housing requirements for pigs

1.7 Intensive pig farming

1.8 Sowing houses

1.9 Parideras

1.10 Early weaning

1.11 Sterile Feedlots


1.12 place in intensive pig farming

1.13 Antibiotics

1.14 Permission or License for Intensive Pig Farming

1.15 Security

1.16 Health aspects in intensive pig farming

1.17 Slurry management in intensive pig farming

1.18 Issues of intensive pig farming

1.19 Advantages of intensive pig farming

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What are the advantages of pig farming? ›

Since they are able to recycle most materials (which they eat and convert to meat), pigs help farmers to largely reduce feeding costs and waste. Pigs also have a high resistance to diseases (these guys hardly get sick) and adapt easily to most environments (hot or cold).

What are the disadvantages of intensive livestock production? ›

intensive farming
  • Poor living conditions and hygiene for livestock.
  • Excessive use of agrochemicals .
  • Deforestation and alteration of the natural environment.
  • Risks to human health.
  • They increase the risks of cancer or other diseases, in addition to other birth defects .
  • The use of chemical hormones in food .
18 Apr 2022

What are the advantages of semi intensive system of pig production? ›


In this system, the farmer provides housing for the animals and allows them to move out to feed on natural vegetation. The farmer provides paddocks around the housing, which he has fenced. Wallow pits and shades are also provided within the farm.

What is the disadvantage of pig farming? ›

Some issues such as management, hygiene and disease outbreaks need careful thought. Buying balanced pig feed will be more expensive up front, but pigs will grow faster and be marketable earlier. At the same time, an issue such as daily waste removal from housing requires more labor.

What are 3 advantages of farming? ›

', keep reading!
  • Farming is Good for Your Health. ...
  • Being a Farmer is Challenging and Stimulating Work. ...
  • It Provides a Source of Income in Rural Areas. ...
  • Farm Work Helps Develop Younger Generations. ...
  • Farming Can Help the Environment Thrive.
5 May 2022

What is intensive system of pig production? ›

Intensive pig farming, also known as pig factory farming, is the primary method of pig production, in which grower pigs are housed indoors in group-housing or straw-lined sheds, whilst pregnant sows are housed in gestation crates or pens and give birth in farrowing crates.

What are advantages of extensive farming? ›

  • Less labor per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent.
  • Mechanization can be used more effectively over large, flat areas.
  • Greater efficiency of labor means generally lower product prices.

What are the disadvantages of semi intensive system of pig production? ›

The principal disadvantage is the need for high quality litter. If this is produced by the owner, it is of little significance, but if it must be purchased, it becomes an economic factor. In either case, the litter and manure must be removed periodically.

What are the problems with intensive farming? ›

Intensive farming causes damage to land and ecosystems which can negatively impact investors. Growing awareness is now developing around the side effects of pesticides and fertilisers used heavily on crops fed to farmed animals.

What is the difference between intensive and semi-intensive? ›

In semi-intensive method, the birds are kept in an open yard surrounded by wire nets in the daytime and are confined to a house during the night. In intensive method, the birds are kept confined throughout the day and night.

What is the meaning of intensive farming? ›

intensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of cultivation using large amounts of labour and capital relative to land area.

When did intensive farming start? ›

Beginning about 5,000 years ago, the development of intensive farming methods became necessary as the human population grew in some major river valleys to levels beyond the carrying capacity of the environment using horticulture and pastoralism.

What are 4 disadvantages of traditional farming? ›

The Problem with Traditional Farming Methods

Besides being inaccessible to the greater public, it poses a risk to the environment due to urbanization, deforestation, lack of space, and water shortages around the world.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of inter cropping? ›

If the main crop is damaged, the inter crop will be the life saviour of the farmer. The land exposed will be less, if an intercrop is added, there by reducing the weed growth. The run off can be reduced. Soil erosion can be decreased.

What are pigs disadvantages? ›

Eating pork products, which are loaded with artery-clogging cholesterol and saturated fat, is a good way to increase your waistline and increase your chances of developing deadly diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's, asthma, and impotence.

What are the disadvantages of crop farming? ›

1) Sometimes fertility and productivity of the soils is lowered, if suitable soil management practices are not followed. 2) Soil structure may be deteriorated. 3) Increases infestation of pests, diseases and weeds. land in a one calendar year known as multiple cropping.

What is intensive system of keeping animals? ›

Definition. Specialized system of breeding animals where the livestock are kept indoors and fed on concentrated foodstuffs, with frequent use of drugs to control diseases which are a constant threat under these conditions.

What are 4 advantages of organic farming? ›

Benefits of Organic Farming
  • Environment-friendly.
  • Promotes sustainable development.
  • Healthy and tasty food.
  • Inexpensive process.
  • It uses organic inputs.
  • Generates income.
  • Generates income through exports.
  • Source of employment.

What are the 5 types of farming? ›

  • Nomadic farming.
  • Pastoral farming.
  • Subsistent farming.
  • Mixed farming.
  • Arable farming.
  • Sole farming.

What is the meaning of intensive system? ›

intensive in American English

designating a system of farming which aims at the increase of yield per acre by using increased labor, capital, etc.

What is intensive animal farming called? ›

'Factory' Farming or 'Intensive' Farming refers to the globally adopted farming system that involves crowding large groups of livestock into confined indoor spaces, such as stalls or cages.

Is pig farming capital intensive? ›

Pig farming is a laborious and capital-intensive venture which may preclude women in some areas of production and management.

Which is better intensive or extensive farming? ›

Optimal use of these materials and machines produces significantly greater crop yields per unit of land than extensive agriculture, which uses little capital or labour. As a result, a farm using intensive agriculture will require less land than an extensive agriculture farm to produce a similar profit.

What is the difference between intensive and extensive livestock production? ›

Intensive livestock is based on livestock farming in small areas. For this, more advanced technologies and techniques are used, as well as genetic manipulation and artificial insemination. Extensive livestock farming is about raising animals in larger areas and grazing. The purposes are usually for marketing.

What is extensive farming Short answer? ›

extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water.

What is the the disadvantage? ›

noun. dis·​ad·​van·​tage ˌdis-əd-ˈvan-tij. : loss or damage especially to reputation, credit, or finances : detriment. the deal worked to their disadvantage. : an unfavorable, inferior, or prejudicial condition.

What are types of advantages? ›

Five types of competitive advantage
  • Cost-based advantage. This is the most obvious way of achieving competitive advantage. ...
  • Advantage from a differentiated product or service. ...
  • First mover advantage. ...
  • Time-based advantage. ...
  • Technology-based advantage.

What is the use of disadvantage? ›

a condition or situation that causes problems, especially one that causes something or someone to be less successful than other things or people: One disadvantage of living in the town is the lack of safe places for children to play. We need to consider whether the disadvantages of the plan outweigh the advantages.

What are disadvantages of extensive farming? ›

Extensive farming disadvantages Yields of crops and livestock are much lower than in intensive farming systems so there is a much lower yield to hectare ratio and therefore the food produced is of a higher cost and can even sometimes due to its low productivity have a larger carbon footprint than intensive farming.

What is the difference between intensive and extensive system? ›

Intensive Farming refers to an agricultural system, wherein there is high level use of labor and capital, in comparison to the land area. Extensive Farming is a farming technique, in which large farms are being cultivated, with relatively lower inputs, i.e. capital and labor.

What are the disadvantages of continuous farming? ›

However, continuous-cropping can negatively affect soil fertility and physicochemical properties, leading a decline in crop productivity1. Many crops, both perennial and annual, experience suppressed plant growth and decreased yield when repeatedly planted in the same site2.

How intensive farming is destroying the environment? ›

Environmental Impact

Intensive agriculture, particularly in CAFOs, is responsible for air and water pollution caused by manure and synthetic fertilizer. Some pesticides used in intensive farming have damaged crops, while others continue to persist in soils decades after being eliminated from agricultural use.

Why are people against intensive farming? ›

Intensive farming has already had a huge effect on biodiversity and the environment worldwide. Pesticides, which have helped boost cereal and fruit production, have also killed bees and myriad species of insects in large numbers. Fertilisers that have improved poor soils have also had unintended harmful consequences.

How does intensive farming affect food security? ›

Intensive farming of animals

This has an impact on food security because animal farming wastes more energy because the food chain is longer. It is much more efficient to grow crops so more people can be fed per area of land. In addition, farmed animals are often fed crops which could be consumed by humans.

What are the advantages of intensive livestock farming? ›

Advantages of Intensive Farming
  • One of the major advantages of this farming technique is that the crop yield is high.
  • It helps the farmer to easily supervise and monitor the land and protect his livestock from being hurt or hounded by dangerous wild animals.
3 Mar 2021

What are intensive examples? ›

Intensive properties do not depend on the quantity of matter. Examples include density, state of matter, and temperature. Extensive properties do depend on sample size. Examples include volume, mass, and size.

Which is the intensive? ›

An intensive property is one that does not depend on the mass of the substance or system. Temperature (T), pressure (P) and density (r) are examples of intensive properties.

What is the opposite of intensive farming? ›

Extensification of farming is the opposite of intensification. It is the process of decreasing the use of capital and inputs (e.g. fertilisers, pesticides, machinery) relative to land area.

How does intensive farming affect human health? ›

Intensive farming methods can increase the likelihood of animal-to-human transmission of pathogens, scientists say. Intensive farming practices provide the perfect environment for bacteria and viruses to spread across the world and increase the risk of epidemics, scientists have said.

Why is intensive farming expensive? ›

Intensive farming is expensive as the farmer tries to get the maximum field from his small land using hybrid seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, etc.

Is intensive farming ethical? ›

Intensive farming is less ethical than free range farming due to poorer animal welfare. Improving the welfare of domesticated animals involves increased costs. An expensive initial payment is needed from the farmer, as free range requires more land.

What is the capital of intensive farming? ›

Commercial farming is capital intensive as it involves huge capital investment and large lands. The produce from such kinds of agriculture serves as the raw material for several industries. Most of the work in this kind of farming is done by the machines so this is capital intensive.

What are the types of farming? ›

The different types of farming are as follows:
  • Dairy Farming.
  • Commercial Farming.
  • Plantation Farming.
  • Commercial grain farming.
  • Commercial mixed farming.
  • Primitive subsistence farming.
  • Intensive subsistence.

What is the major disadvantage of raising pigs outside? ›

Apart from climate considerations, he can sum up more disadvantages: water use is generally higher than in conventional pig production, feed conversion ratios are quite high due to the pigs' exercise, maintenance is labour intensive and there is a risk of increased pathogen exposure when pigs are kept outside.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of raising pigs in slatted elevated flooring? ›

Fully slatted (plastic)
  • Easy to wash and dry.
  • Achieves best separation between pigs and faeces.
  • Quick drying times.
  • Impermeable.
  • More expensive than most flooring.
  • Can lead to sole bruising and abrasion on knees in piglets.
  • More damaging when wet.

What are some negative qualities of a pig? ›

Gullible, slow-witted, faltering

Although they are loyal to friends but they actually do not have many friends in return. They are hot-tempered and impulsive and are not good in communication. If they play pranks on people, they won' t know when to stop.

What are the advantages of pig? ›

They have fast growth rates and good feed-to-meat conversion ratios; are relatively easy to raise, and do not require much space; have prolific breeding potential; and are docile. These factors not only lead to increased profitability but will surely assist in meeting the growing demand for meat in future.

What are the disadvantages of genetically modified pigs? ›

In a study published in the Journal of Organic Systems , researchers found that feeding pigs Genetically Modified (GM) corn and soy resulted in a higher rate of severe stomach inflammation than pigs fed non-GM diets.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of semi intensive system? ›

The principal advantages of this system are easy access for feeding, watering and egg gathering, good protection and reasonable investment. The principal disadvantage is the need for high quality litter.

What are the disadvantages of raising farm animals? ›

Livestock farming is a disaster for the environment. Worldwide it is responsible for half of the greenhouse gas emissions and it is the biggest cause of biodiversity loss, habitat destruction and water pollution. A transition to a plant-based diet would dramatically decrease these problems.

What are disadvantages of raising pigs in slatted elevated flooring? ›

There are moves within the EU to ban fully slatted-floor systems for finishers, as they are considered bad for a pig's welfare by being uncomfortable and potentially increasing leg problems, tail-biting and are a relatively barren environment for pigs to express their normal behaviour of rooting etc.

What is the advantages of restricted feeding in pigs? ›

For example, feeding restriction is commonly practiced with market pigs to improve carcass quality and feed efficiency while decreasing production costs. Ad-libitum feeding, particularly if it involves feeds of energy density tends to promote synthesis of body fat which is inefficient in terms of feed conversion.

What are the advantages of wet versus dry feeding in pigs? ›

Wet feeding is becoming a popular feeding method for pig production. It's advantages include increased feed intake, improved growth rates (Payne, 1991), greater feed efficiency (Chae et al., 1997) and reduced wastage of feed and water (Forbes and Walker, 1968; Maton and Daelemans, 1991).

Why are pigs a problem? ›

Feral pigs are considered an environmental pest due to their selective feeding, trampling and rooting for underground parts of plants and invertebrates. They also compete with native wildlife for food, water and shelter and prey directly on various wildlife species and their eggs.

What are 5 interesting facts about pigs? ›

There are a lot of misconceptions about pigs, but these ten facts about pigs will help you see them differently.
  • Pigs are very clean animals. ...
  • Pigs can't sweat. ...
  • Pigs are smarter than your dog. ...
  • Mother pigs sing to their babies. ...
  • Pigs love belly rubs! ...
  • Pigs have an excellent sense of direction.
30 Aug 2022

Is swine a negative word? ›

If you call someone a swine, you dislike them or think that they are a bad person, usually because they have behaved unpleasantly toward you. A swine is a pig.


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